II-314 RoM Ball mills – a comparison with AG/SAG Milling Aubrey N. Mainza1 and Malcolm S. Powell 1 1Mineral Processing Research Unit, University of Cape Town, Rondebosch, 7700, South Africa ...
Oct 12, 2017· SAG mill make use of steel balls included with some large and hard rocks for grinding. These mills utilize the balls in making the large fragments of materials broken into pieces. The ball charge of a SAG mill is about 9% to 20%.This process takes place inside the large rotating drum of SAG mill which is filled with balls partially.
Scrub-Ball Scrubber, open circuit classification, followed by a closed circuit Ball Mill SS SAG Primary crushing followed by a single stage SAG Mill SAB Primary crushing followed by a SAG Ball circuit SABC Primary crushing followed by a SAG Ball circuit with recycle crusher ABC Primary crushing followed by a AG Ball circuit with recycle crusher
stage ball mills, rod mills or AG/SAG mills when calculating ... No 1 rod mill/ball mill circuit was operating very efﬁ ciently when comparing the combined operating work indices for both mills with the rod mill and ball mill laboratory work indices. Note, in Figure. 1, that the rod mill …
Comminution circuits for mining have evolved from basic circuits consisting of simple crushing machines to the current multistage, semi-autogenous (SAG) and ball mill circuits. This progression, - however, has not always been accompanied by an improvement in the efficiency of power usage in achieving the target grind size.
approach the total speciﬁc energy of the entire AG/SAG circuit is ﬁrstly predicted using the SAG mill feed F80 and the ball mill cyclone overﬂow P80. Morrell's model (Morrell, 2011) relates the feed, mill geometry and operating conditions to the speciﬁc energy of the circuit. However, the F80 is not enough to represent properly
Utilising existing steady-state, JKSimMet models of the Kidston SAG mill and Granny Smith ball mill, a range of different circuit options were evaluated. The high-aspect, variablespeed SAG mill allowed - GSM to consider a number of different circuits due to the wide range of possible operating conditions.
Advanced Controller for Grinding Mills: Results from a Ball Mill Circuit in a Copper Concentrator ... Results of using this advanced controller on a ball mill circuit operation in a copper ... throughput-limited ball mills and Semi-autogenous grinding (SAG) mills. Given this large operational
circuit is shown in Figure1. It is commonly referred to as a SABC circuit, for Semi-Autogenous Ball mill Crusher (SABC). This circuit shows a semi-autogenous grinding (SAG)/ball mill circuit where both grinding mills are in closed circuit, with the SAG mill closed with a crusher to control the amount of 'critical size' material in the circuit.
supported grinding mills up to the largest sizes. SAG/ball mill circuit incorporating pebble crushers and a POLYCOM® high-pressure grinding roll. SAG and ball mill for gold ore grinding. One of three SAG mills with 9.75 m diameter and 2 x 4000 kW drive power. These mills operate in conjunction with ball mills for iron ore grinding in Iran.
the mill is used primarily to lift the load (medium and charge). Additional power is required to keep the mill rotating. 8.1.3 Power drawn by ball, semi-autogenous and autogenous mills A simplified picture of the mill load is shown in Figure 8.3 Ad this can be used to establish the essential features of a model for mill …
SAG is an acronym for Semi-Autogenous Grinding. SAG mills are autogenous mills but use grinding balls like a ball mill. A SAG mill is usually a primary or first stage grinder. SAG mills use a ball charge of 8 to 21%. The largest SAG mill is 42' (12.8m) in diameter, powered by a 28 MW (38,000 HP) motor.
Ball Mill Operation. Ball mills ride on steel tires or supported on both ends by trunnions. Girth gears bolted to the shell drive the mill through a pinion shaft from a prime mover drive. The prime movers are usually synchronized motors. During rotation, a portion of the charge is lifted along the inside perimeter.
Mar 10, 2010· Ball mill grinding circuit is essentially a multivariable system with couplings, time delays and strong disturbances. Many advanced control schemes, including model predictive control (MPC), adaptive control, neuro-control, robust control, optimal control, etc., have been reported in the field of grinding process.
The ball mill is a key piece of equipment for grinding crushed materials, and it is widely used in production lines for powders such as cement, silicates, refractory material, fertilizer, glass ceramics, etc. as well as for ore dressing of both ferrous and non-ferrous metals. The ball mill can grind various ores and other materials either wet ...
Sagmilling.com is home to a collection of both free and subscription-based calculation tools to aid metallurgical process engineers perform comminution calculations. Grinding circuit design tools, including for SAG mill-ball mill circuits, and geometallurgy energy models are available to subscribers.
to the AG mill. The undersize from the screen is fed to cyclones with the underflow fed to pebble mill circuit sump. AG mill can be replaceable for a SAG mill, however special care should be used to detect and remove balls from the HRC feed. AG mill, Magnetic separation and Vertimill® MP 1250, HRC, and VERTIMILL® AG mill, HRC and Pebble mill
circuit or the overall performance of an autogenous-semiautogenous (AG-SAG)/ball mill circuit, but they are of limited value in evaluating AG-SAG and ball mill …
Table of Contents Autogenous Grinding CircuitsSAG vs Ball Mill AdvantagesAG & SAG Mill Grinding Compared – Which is BestTesting for Product Size Size reduction is the most expensive operation in most mills. Crushing and grinding usually require the greatest portion of capital costs and often make up 60-70 percent of total mill operating costs as shown in Figure 1.
Nov 04, 2010· This would clearly show the effect of the coarser, top bench fragmentation on mill throughput. At the end of each survey, the SAG mill was crash-stopped and the rock and ball loads were measured. The survey sample sizing data were then used for mass balancing and calibration of crushing and grinding circuit steady-state models.
• Single stage crush/single stage SAG mills and two stage crush/ball mill circuits are typically selected for low throughput plants (<50 t/h) where personnel costs are a large component of costs. • SAB circuits are typically selected for plants of 0.5 to 2 Mt/a.
A course for process engineers, mill operators and students. Grinding Circuits is the third of a suite of three courses on grinding theory and practice from Performance Solutions. Topics include Grinding Circuit Basics, AG and SAG Mill Circuits, and Ball and Rod Mill Circuits.
USING THE SMC TEST® TO PREDICT COMMINUTION CIRCUIT PERFORMANCE INTRODUCTION As the SMC Test ® produces the JK parameter values A and b as well as estimates the JK parameter ta and crusher model energy matrices, the SMC Test ® can be used to conduct AG/SAG mill and crusher circuit simulations through the use of JKSimMet. Independent
Copper Mountain first feed to the SAG mill occurred in late May, 2011. The circuit began ramp up in mid-June of that year, with more consistent operating run times on the SAG and Ball mills. Plant throughput in the first months was quite variable with throughput tonnage greater than 40,000 tons one day and less than 25,000 the next on some ...
GrindingExpert™ is a true turnkey solution for optimizing SAG and Ball mill circuits, and our technical abilities implementing it are second-to-none. The KnowledgeScape adaptive control solutions work together to see, listen, and think about the best way to increase tonnage and optimize SAG and ball mills at all times and for all conditions.
DESIGN OF AG/SAG MILL CIRCUITS USING THE SMC TEST. ... (SAG) and ball mill circuits are used to show that Bond's equation does not hold over the …
of the work of a ball mill. Because of the range of mill sizes available, AG/SAG milling can often be accomplished with fewer lines than in a conventional rod mill-ball circuit. All of the above contributes to lower capital cost and lower maintenance cost for an AG/SAG mill circuit and accounts for the current popularity of this type of size
SINGLE STAGE SAG/AG MILLING DESIGN Brian Putland 1, Fred Kock & Leigh Siddall1 Orway Mineral Consultants WA Pty Ltd (OMC) ... even with a high ball charge or mill speed, the circuit selection may be incorrect. If a recycle crusher was not included it should be trialled. If included, the use of a single stage mill is likely to be inappropriate.
in a SAG and Ball mill circuit where there is no scope for storage capacity between milling stages and throughput is normally limited by a bottleneck at one stage or the other. In this case any ore with a high BWi value will have reduced . throughput due to the ball mill despite the capability of the SAG mill …
Starkey & Associates uses the patented SAGDesign technology to calculate accurate mill sizes from measurements on a client's own ore samples. SAGDesign technology has become a standard for 21 st century grinding circuit design for the following reasons: Precisely measures SAG and ball mill …